- 1 Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and mental health
- 2 Treatment and management of Coronavirus disease (COVID-19)
- 3 What is mental health?
- 4 Management of mental health illness
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): In order for a person to be completely healthy, all his bases must be strong. Physical weakness is understood by almost everyone, but health is another important aspect: mental health, about which few are interested.
In the present situation, its importance has increased even more. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) being a pandemic nowadays, so affect many people’s mental health status.
Coronavirus is a type of RNA virus that causes coronavirus disease (COVID-19). The virus, which originated in the city of Wuhan in China, is now spreading around the world. The virus is transmitted through various means such as coughing, sneezing, and personal contacts such as touch, mouth, nose, or eye or hand contact. The incubation period of covid about 14 days. There are various symptoms:
The most common symptoms are:
- Dry cough
Less common symptoms are:
- Aches and pains
- Sore throat
- Joint pain
- Loss of smell or taste
- A rash appears on the skin
- Discoloration of fingers or toes in your body, etc.
Serious symptoms are:
- Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
- Chest pain or pressure
- Loss of speech or movement
Seek immediate medical attention required if you have serious symptoms. Always call before visiting the doctor or health facility. Those people with mild symptoms who are otherwise healthy should manage their symptoms at home (home isolation). On average it takes 5–6 days from when somebody is infected with the virus for symptoms to show, however it can take up to 14 days.
According to WHO, there are some common methods of treatment and management of covid
After exposure to someone who has Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), then do the following:
- At first Call your healthcare provider or COVID-19, a hotline to find out where and when to get a test.
- Cooperate with contact-tracing procedures to stop further the spread of the virus.
- While individuals are in quarantine, do not go to work, to school, or to public places. Ask someone to bring you supplies.
- If testing is not possible or available, stay home and away from others for an incubation period is 14 days.
- Keep at least a 1-meter distance from other people, even from your family members.
- Clean your hands frequently with soap and water as soon as possible.
- Wear proper medical masks to protect others, including if/when you need to seek medical care.
- Stay in a separate room from other family members as soon as possible, and if not possible, wear a medical (surgical) mask.
- If you share a room, place beds more than 1-meter distant.
- Keep the room well-ventilated which helps to ease respiration.
- As possible monitor yourself for any signs and symptoms for 14 days.
- Immediately call a health care provider if you have any of these danger signs and symptoms: difficulty breathing, loss of speech or mobility, confusion, or chest pain.
- Stay positive by keeping in touch with loved ones by phone or online, and by regularly exercising at home.
Scientists around the world are working to find and develop treatments and management for COVID-19.
- In some conditions, Optimal supportive care required includes oxygen for severely ill patients and those who are at risk for severe disease and more advanced respiratory support such as ventilation for patients who are critically ill.
- Dexamethasone drug is a corticosteroid that can help reduce the length of time on a ventilator and save the lives of patients with severe and critical illness conditions.
According to WHO, does not recommend any type of self-medication with any medicines, including antibiotics, as a prevention or cure for COVID-19 conditions.
What is mental health?
Mental health is a state of a completely worry-free and calm mind. It covers all the factors that affect a person’s mental state. According to the American Psychiatric Association (APA), “If a person suffers for more than two weeks without any reason, it is considered to have an adverse effect on their mental health.”
Man is by nature a sentient being. He uses a variety of emotions to express his feelings. The happiness of the heart is expressed by the radiance of a smile, while the darkness of sorrow is expressed by the rain of tears. But when these reactions begin to unfold in a disorderly manner, it is certainly a condition to think about. We are all aware of the adverse effects of this growing epidemic on human health around the world.
Whether it’s the loneliness of being away from family in the middle of a wall, or breathing on a ventilator, not being able to fill a family’s stomach, or praying for your health with deep tears in a corner of a hospital, fear, panic, despair, loneliness, insomnia, etc are at least experienced once by every individual.
According to a journal of the Nepal Medical Council, a survey of 556 people found that 40% suffered from mental stress. According to the Nepal Police, in 2020, 18 to 20 people have committed suicide every day. That figure has risen sharply since the ban.
The main reasons for this are as following below:
- Worry about what will happen tomorrow
- Fear of losing a loved one
- Not earning
- More use of social media
- Tendency to think a lot in free time
- Lack of hospital beds
- Social loneliness etc.
The following are some of the things that make a person mentally ill:
- The mood changes momentarily
- Anxiety, frustration, despair, panic
- Being more angry/irritable
- Insomnia or feeling too much
- I don’t feel like eating or I feel very hungry
- Prefer to be alone
- Drug addiction
- Self-harm or suicide attempt
Management of mental health illness
If you see someone around you in this situation, you should help them. The current situation can only be faced by all of us together. Various precautions can be taken to eliminate this problem to some extent
- First of all, if I take precautions, I will develop the feeling that nothing will happen.
- Keep yourself busy with something and do not let negative thoughts come.
- Exercise / Yoga practice.
- To maintain a healthy routine.
- Expressing your concerns or problems to people close to you.
- Stay away from social media like Facebook, YouTube, etc. as much as possible
- Consult a health expert
- To develop the ability to face any situation
- To support each other and increase morale, etc.